Being Young Vietnamese in Post-Socialist European Countries
Time & LocationSession 2
Wed 11:00–12:30 Room 1.404
- Barbora Nováková Charles University
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- “Czech Girls Only Go to Parties and Eat Breadrolls”: Intergenerational Conflict Regarding Marital Partner Preferences Among Vietnamese Migrants in Czech Republic Marta Lopatková Charles University
Although intergenerational conflict among 1st, 1,5th and 2nd generations of migrants is widely recognized within the world, this phenomena is rather new to the Czech environment. Only about ten years ago first group of young Vietnamese migrants (mostly migrants of 1,5th and 2nd generation) spoke up and described the situation of young Vietnamese living in Czech Republic. They often spent most of the life in the Czech environment being raised by Czech nannies. Due to the language barrier and misunderstanding of Vietnamese culture which cause the tension between them and their parents, young Vietnamese describe various emotions like frustration, disappointment and sadness.
Choosing a marital partner of young Vietnamese migrants is one of the key points being often stressed out while speaking about intergenerational conflict they struggle with. They feel lot of pressure from their parents to choose a Vietnamese partners and potential Czech partners are often subject of prejudices. By qualitative analysis of social media content and interviews I contextualize the phenomena of intergenerational conflict and marital preferences of young Vietnamese migrants in Czech Republic.
- Searching for Community: Young Vietnamese Grassroots Activities in Czechia Barbora Nováková Charles University
In recent years we have been witnessing a growth of grassroots activities among the one and half and second generation Vietnamese in Czechia. Nowadays being in their 20ies and early 30ies, these young people grew up in very Czech environment, being often brought up by Czech nannies, feeling culturally and emotionally remote from their parents, speaking little or no Vietnamese and having limited contact with Vietnamese peers (Souralová 2012, Svobodová 2017). The recent surge of formal and informal groups and initiatives seems to be a response to the needs of young Vietnamese, stemming from their childhood experiences. The presentation will examine various functions of these groups and initiatives such as self-help, peer-to-peer learning and capacity building, socializing etc. and discuss how community is conceptualized among the organizers of these groups and initiatives, what does it mean to them and how it is contrasted with the first generation Vietnamese immigrant associations.
- Traditional Rituals in Intergenerational Relationships Among the Vietnamese in Poland Ewa Grabowska University of Warsaw
Being migrants in Poland the Vietnamese show high mobility traits and maintain networks of transnational connections. Vietnamese families use their own culturally specific resources to cope with challenges coming out of this and other backgrounds. This paper analyses the importance of traditional rituals from the perspective of two generations of the Vietnamese: a 1,5 and 2 generation adults as opposed to their parents’ generation. It explores the role that ancestor worship beliefs have as well as different kinds of sources of support that younger and older family members use in dealing with everyday hardships.
- Young Vietnamese Experiences in the Marketplace Felipe Kaiser Fernandes French Research Center in Humanities and Social Sciences
The purpose of this article is to understand the sense of belonging experienced by Young Vietnamese in post-socialist European countries to a specific place. Through the example of Trung Tâm Th??ng M?i Sapa, also known as Little Hanoi, in Prague (Czech Republic), this research aims to explore the practices and usages of the marketplace by the one-and-a-half and the second generation Vietnamese-Czech. Sapa market, out of the ground in the 1990s, has become one of the central points of the Vi?t people in Europe. Compared to other similar post-socialist markets/bazaars in Central Eastern Europe it is relatively unique (Drbohlav et al. 2010, Hüwelmeier, 2013). Celebrations and religious activities organized by the Pagoda V?nh Nghiêm, situated inside the marketplace attract Young Vietnamese from other regions of Czech Republic as well as from other post-socialist European countries. In this sense, this paper will also explore the preservation of religious practices among young people in the context of Sapa.
Anthropological studies of markets analyse them as nodes of complex social processes and generators of cultural activity as well as realms for economic exchange. In order to understand the sense of belonging of these Young Vietnamese, this study examines their life and journeys through a participant observation in Sapa market. A number of 5 deep interviews were conducted. All the interviews were followed by detailed field notes. The majority of the interviews were conducted in 2019; generally during to 40 minutes to more than 1 hour, they were all recorded and followed by notes. The objectives of the interviews: were to trace their families’ lineages, along with other socializing factors such as peers, family, school or leisure activities. They were also asked about religion, privacy, social and gender relations, racism, integration.
In general Vietnamese communities in the countries of post-socialist Europe still remain understudied. These communities share common historical background in state organized labor and study migration from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, and seem to increasingly partake in what could be conceptualized as a specific East European transnational community (Szymańska-Matusiewicz 2015).
Intergenerational relationships within the families with migrant background are according to many studies very dynamic. While the 1st generation migrants (parents) try to keep and preserve their cultural heritage, the 1.5th and 2nd generation migrants (children) often tend to lean towards the host country (Zhou 2009). This phenomenon often leads to intergenerational conflicts. Due to the various reasons young Vietnamese in the countries of post-socialist Europe face obstacles posed by not only the majorities but also the Vietnamese minorities.
The panel aims to better understand the life experience of young, or 1.5th and 2nd generation, Vietnamese, focusing on various aspects of intergenerational relationships. Ewa Grabowska will examine the role of Vietnamese traditional rituals in intergenerational relationships among Vietnamese in Poland, Marta Lopatková will focus on intergenerational conflict among Czech Vietnamese, and Barbora Nováková will discuss the grass root activities of young Vietnamese in Czechia.