Organization and Social Movement of Fishers in Indonesia

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Abstract

With more than 17.000 islands, Indonesia is known as the biggest archipelagic nation in the world. Indonesia is also known as a maritime state since about 75% of its territory comprise of sea. Blessed with rich marine resources, there are many people who live in coastal areas work as fishers. In 2016, for example, there were 2,643,902 fishers in Indonesia.

Under the New Order era of President Suharto, most of fisher’s organizations were introduce and established “from above”. Their role was also mainly to deliver government program and agenda. At that time, the Himpunan Nelayan Seluruh Indonesia (HNSI) or “All Indonesian Fisher Association” was the main fisher organization that existed. In some places, there were also Fisher’s Cooperative Organization (KUD) existed. However, since the fall of the New Order in 1998, there seem to be many fisher organizations established by the fishers themselves or by NGO’s. In line with that, fishers also become more often express their interests in the public sphere, such as meeting local government and parliament as well as demonstration. In other words, fishers become more active conducting social movement to pursue their interests. Until now, study about the organization and social movement among fishers in Indonesia after the fall of the New Order is still very limited.

Based on the description above, it is very important to study the organization and social movement of fishers in Indonesia. For that reason, in 2018 (first year), we have already conducted study regarding organization and social movement of fishers in Indonesia. The study was conducted in Lamongan (East Java), Pati and Tegal (Central Java), Indramayu (West Java), and in Jakarta (DKI Jakarta). If everything goes well (approved), the study will be ended by the year 2020.